As I compare the 12th Virginia Infantry with other regiments, I see that something is wrong with this table. Particularly with the 9th and 41st Virginia. Maybe the H. E. Howard books on those regiments are wrong and low in their count of killed or mortally wounded. Maybe Fox (Regimental Losses in the American Civil War) was wrong to think that the average loss in Confederate regiments was almost ten percent. I counted the killed and mortally wounded in the roster of the 41st Virginia and was surprised to see that the number was so low. The 41st went into action beside the 12th at Seven Pines and fought in practically all of the same actions as the 12th for the rest of the war. On the other hand, in counting the 41st's casualties, I did not have the benefit of all the letters, diaries, memoirs and newspapers that I examined in writing a history of the 12th.
Table 7: The Petersburg Regiment (12th Virginia Infantry)Compared with Some Friends
Readily available statistics exist for relatively few regiments in the Army of Northern Virginia, but the following suggest that within that army, the 12th Virginia may have been slightly below average. It was slightly above average for the Confederate States Army as a whole, where the average regiment lost almost ten percent killed or mortally wounded.
Killed or Died of Percentage
Regiment Wounds during War Lost during War
8th Alabama 226* 15.9%*
9th Alabama 142*
7th North Carolina 179*
17th Mississippi 182*
18th Mississippi 209*
42nd Mississippi 188*
6th Virginia 124 7.5%
9th Virginia 73 3.8%
16th Virginia 92* 7.5%
41st Virginia 105
12th Virginia 159* 10.3%*
Average Confederate Regiment “almost 10.0%”
* Meets criterion for inclusion in Fox’s Fighting 300 Regiments (130 or 10% killed or died of wounds).
 An indeterminate number of others died of wounds.
 Numbers available for nine of ten companies; probably lost about 200.
 Up to March, 1865; probably lost around 200.
 The 16th Virginia fought with only seven companies. Trask, 16th Virginia Infantry, 9. The equivalent of 130 killed or mortally wounded among ten companies for a seven company regiment is ninety-one.
So was Fox wrong? Or are the H. E. Howard regimental histories wrong?